close up of a woman with the phrase don t panic written on her face

Panic Disorders

Panic Disorder is diagnosed when a patient experiences recurrent & unexpected attacks of severe anxiety.

Symptoms:

1. Cardiopulmonary:

  • Difficulty in Breathing
  • Palpitation
  • Chest Pain/ Discomfort

2. Gastrointestinal:

  • Nausea
  • GI discomfort

3. Skin & Systemic Symptoms:

  • Sweating
  • Chills or feeling flushed

4. Neurological:

  • Tremulousness
  • Dizziness
  • Numbness/Tingling

5. Psychiatric:

  • Derealization/ Depersonalization
  • Fear of Losing Control
  • Fear of dying

Epidemiology:

12 month prevalence fo panic disorder = 0.2- 1.1%

Onset is usually in later adolescence & early adulthood.

Comorbidity:

  1. Most common comorbid condition is Agoraphobia (fear /anxiety in situations from which escape might be difficult).
  2. Other common comorbidity is Depressive Disorder. These Patients have a poor prognosis.

Reference:

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