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Agoraphobia:

Agoraphobia is fear/ anxiety in situations from which escape might be difficult. It significantly interferes with a person’s ability to function in work & social situations outside the home.

Patients with Agoraphobia prefer to be accompained by a friend or a family member when leaving home. Severely affected patients may simply refuse to leave the house.

Epidemiology:

Onset: Most cases have onset in later adolescence & early adulthood.

Comorbidity:

Most common comorbidity associated with Agoraphobia is Panic Disorder. Agoraphobia can either precede or follow Panic Disorder.

Anxiety provoking situations in Agoraphobia:

1. Confining Spaces:

  • Public Transport
  • Elevators
  • Stores

2. Open Spaces:

  • Parks
  • Shopping Complexes

3. Crowds

Reference:

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